Task: Examining patient from head to toe

Component Task

1. Establishes rapport, explains procedure to patient 
2. Provides privacy and washes and dries hands 
3. Observes patient's general appearance and body built, in relation to the patient's age and health.
4. Observes the skin for lesions, pallor and texture 
5. Examines the size and shape of the head. The eyes for discharge, pallor, jaundice, colour of the eye and photophobia 
6. Examines the ears for shape, size and discharge 
7. Inspects the nostrils for patency, discharges and abnormalities, palpates and percusses sinuses 
8. Inspects the lips for cracks, soreness, pallor, jaundice and any abnormalities 
9. Inspects the teeth for artificial or natural dentitions, dental caries and bleeding gums 
10. Examines mouth for coated or furred tongue and foul breath, sores of the palates 
11. Inspects the throat for inflamed tonsils, sore throat and swallowing reflexes 
12. Examines the neck size and palpate for cervical lymph nodes and swelling e.g.goitre
13. Inspects the breast size, shape, nipple cracks and discharge, and palpates for lumps and axillae for swollen lymph nodes
14. Examines the chest for shape, size and auscultates for any abnormality.
15. Inspects the abdomen for scar, lesions, linear alba and palpate for distension, retraction, rigidity and observes for visible peristalsis.
16. Inspects the back for scars and kyphosis.
17. Inspects the genitalia for inflammation, discharges, swellings and lesions and examines for pubic lice, warts and anus for growth.
18. Examines the lower extremities for motor reflexes, fingertips for clubbing, and nails for pallor.
19. Observes for the functions of various senses, touch, smell, taste, sight and hearing.
20. Thanks patient, makes patient comfortable, washes and dries hands and documents findings

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